Architecture / June 19, 2018 /
The geometry of a building has a major impact on costs. Building morphology is concerned with the size, shape and complexity of the building. This section provides a very brief outline of the principle morphological factors which influence the cost of building work. The reader is referred to the numerous publications which examine this topic in greater detail. The main design factors which impact on cost are: plan shape, size of building, wall to floor ratio degree of circulation space, storey heights total height of the building grouping of buildings.
The choice of the material, and hence the cost, may be influenced by factors other than aesthetic qualities. For example fast-track construction projects may use a steel frame in preference to an in-situ or precast concrete frame in order to reduce overall programme durations. Although the concrete option may be cheaper, the shorter programme achieved by using steel may offset this initial cost advantage. Technical decisions such as these are made for each building element and these have a direct bearing on the eventual cost. Where considerable repetition can be achieved it may prove economical to prefabricate certain structural elements or to standardise various components and fittings.