Architecture / June 19, 2018 / .
The site topography i.e. the natural site features, ground conditions and obstructions, existing and adjoining building, and underground and over-ground services all impact on how the building is designed and subsequently constructed. The nature of each site must be individually checked to establish potential problems. Greenfield developments cost less than brownfield sites which may incur significant demolition, site clearance and remediation costs. Heavily sloped sites require extensive stepping or cut and fill operations and such sites may be dangerous and adversely affect the working conditions and productivity of operatives and plant output. Sites with poor loadbearing capacity will require more expensive foundations while exposed or waterlogged sites will also reduce overall productivity. The cost of dealing with unforeseen ground conditions, archaeological finds and encountering uncharted buried services may be substantial and will be borne by either the client or contractor, depending on the form of contract employed.
Many people will choose a new home because they want to be as maintenance-free as they can. They do not want the headache or hassle of failing systems. But when you choose lesser-quality finishes in appliances, tile, flooring, roofing and windows to achieve size, these items, too, will fail sooner than a higher quality item.
Once a decision to build has been reached the client will be anxious to have the building completed as quickly as possible. For many clients early completion may be the overriding priority, for example where staging a major sporting event is scheduled, or where a client is attempting to establish a market presence ahead of competitors, or to avail of tax incentives. Time is also of the essence in emergency situations such as fire or flood damage or where stabilisation works are required to dangerous structures.
The geometry of a building has a major impact on costs. Building morphology is concerned with the size, shape and complexity of the building. This section provides a very brief outline of the principle morphological factors which influence the cost of building work. The reader is referred to the numerous publications which examine this topic in greater detail. The main design factors which impact on cost are: plan shape, size of building, wall to floor ratio degree of circulation space, storey heights total height of the building grouping of buildings.