Garden / February 24, 2018 / .
A small space should not limit your garden or your imagination—hanging baskets, containers, window boxes, espaliered fruit trees. They are all great ways to made a big gardening impact – even on the most limited high rise balcony! Here are some considerations and expert techniques when planning your small garden. Small spaces for gardening may include apartments, town homes, condos, as well as rental homes, retirement homes, and community garden plots. However, a small garden space may also be a small space within a larger garden.
A raised bed is ideally 18 - 24 inches deep, but if you are building your raised beds on top of existing earth you wilI have some leeway here. I have successfully gardened in boxes built over earth with only one foot of soil depth. You can find both detailed instructions for building a raised beds and multiple choices for buying raised beds here.
You do not need a lot of space to grow fresh vegetables, herbs and fruits. You do not really even need a garden. Plant breeders know that after taste, home gardeners want a high yield in a small space, so they have been developing more varieties that can grow in a small foot print or even live in containers all year long.
Companion planting is often touted for the benefit of cutting down on pest infestations, but it also serves well to conserve space. Shade tolerant plants will benefit from being planted next to taller crops. Basil likes a respite from hot sun and does well next to tomatoes. Lettuce will keep producing all summer if shaded by almost any taller plant. Early harvested vegetables, like spinach, radishes and peas, can be planted with slower growing crops like broccoli or peppers, which will not take over the space until the spring harvested vegetables are gone.