Architecture / March 13, 2018 / Oriane.
Once a decision to build has been reached the client will be anxious to have the building completed as quickly as possible. For many clients early completion may be the overriding priority, for example where staging a major sporting event is scheduled, or where a client is attempting to establish a market presence ahead of competitors, or to avail of tax incentives. Time is also of the essence in emergency situations such as fire or flood damage or where stabilisation works are required to dangerous structures.
The materials specified and the proposed construction details will have an important bearing on the cost of the project. The relationship of quality to cost has been commented on above, and buildings which incorporate high quality and innovative features are invariably more expensive than those which are purely functional. The choice depends on what the client is willing to pay. The materials, nevertheless, should be appropriate for their use; over-specification is wasteful.
Clients who prioritise cost over speed or who require fixed price lump sums will generally experience longer development programmes, as designs must be substantially completed before tenders can be obtained. This process may take a considerable amount of time as careful thought is required to develop and refine the scheme design. The design, in turn, influences the contractors construction methods which determine length of time taken to complete the contract on site.
The notion of quality is multidimensional and includes aspects which may be appraised subjectively. The Latham Report identified a number of quality aspects which clients may seek in a satisfactory construction project: pleasing to look at; free from defects on completion; fit for the purpose; supported by worthwhile guarantees; satisfactory durability and customer delight. Several of these aspects are inherent in the design of the project, while others relate to how successfully the contractor constructs that design on site. The designers will aim to produce an effective and attractive spatial and structural solution to the clients brief. This should provide sufficient, well planned accommodation, using appropriate materials, components, equipment, fittings and furnishings to enable the building to perform effectively and efficiently. Ideally it should generate a sense of delight amongst it users and the public at large.