Garden / June 5, 2018 / .
You do not need a lot of space to grow fresh vegetables, herbs and fruits. You do not really even need a garden. Plant breeders know that after taste, home gardeners want a high yield in a small space, so they have been developing more varieties that can grow in a small foot print or even live in containers all year long.
That is one way to get a large yield from a small space, but not the best. If you are truly short of space, interplant your vegetables with your flowers. There is no rule that says you can not mix the two. It can be a bit harder to harvest, but many vegetables are quite ornamental in their own right. If you do opt for a variety of vegetables in your garden, recommend the compact varieties and also vining crops that can be trained up on supports. Pole beans take up less space than bush beans. Vining cucumbers and squash, as aggressive as they can be, actually take up less area than their bush cousins.
Hanging baskets and window boxes are ideal for small gardens. They create interest and help add a vertical dimension. Patio and stair railings are great places for hanging pots. Window boxes and wall planters are another way to grow up. Gardens are not just for plants. Hang lanterns, wind chimes and other outdoor décor too.
Crop Rotation is a great tool for keeping pests and diseases out of the vegetable garden. Rotating your vegetables so they grow in different areas of the garden each year is an excellent way to cut down on diseases and insect pests that over winter in the soil. This really is not possible in small vegetable gardens. You will just have to be vigilant about not letting problems get out of hand. If a large scale problem should occur, such as squash beetles or septoria leaf spot on tomatoes, seriously consider not growing the crop for a year. It will be a sacrifice, but one year without is better than several years of a disappointing crop.