Architecture / June 11, 2018 /
This is where the contractor provides the design and construction under one contract. Turnkey projects and many public private partnership developments are examples of this approach. Design and build offers the client competitively priced projects completed within rapid time frames by enabling the contractor to value manage the employers requirements and overlap design and construction operations. It is not successful where the employers requirements are poorly defined and the approach tends to produce functional architecture in terms of appearance.
The choice of the material, and hence the cost, may be influenced by factors other than aesthetic qualities. For example fast-track construction projects may use a steel frame in preference to an in-situ or precast concrete frame in order to reduce overall programme durations. Although the concrete option may be cheaper, the shorter programme achieved by using steel may offset this initial cost advantage. Technical decisions such as these are made for each building element and these have a direct bearing on the eventual cost. Where considerable repetition can be achieved it may prove economical to prefabricate certain structural elements or to standardise various components and fittings.